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Beberapa Perintah Console Pada Linux

$ grep “license” readme.txt = mencari kata “license” dalam file readme.txt

$ df –h = disk free

$ du -h –max-depth=100 = estimate file usage

$ du /media/data/ –max-depth=1 -B M | sort –g = melihat penggunaan space pada folder

$ du -sh /media/data/ = melihat besaran (MB) folder

$ sudo fdisk -l = show partition table

$ free = melihat free RAM

$ cat /etc/fstab = static file system information

$ cat /proc/cpuinfo = info cpu

$ cat /proc/meminfo = info memory

$ cat /proc/partitions = info partition

$ cat /etc/rc.d/rc.s = startup

$ find / -name “namafile” = search nama file

$ find /media/data/ -name “Thumbs.db” -print0 | xargs -0 rm -vr = menghapus hasil pencarian

$ find /home/user -size +30M = mencari file dengan ukuran diatas 30M

$ alias lihat=’ls -l’ = memberikan alias perintah

$ cal 2010 = show calender

$ clear = clear the terminal screen

$ sudo shutdown -h now = menshutdown pc sekarang

$ sudo shutdown -h +2 = menshutdown pc

$ init 0 = halt

$ init 6 = reboot

$ init 2 =

$ top -d 2 = melihat proses shift+?

$ who = Show who is logged on

$ w = Show who is logged on and what they are doing

$ dmesg = print message system

$ cfdisk = tool tabel manipulator for linux

$ killall sshd = mengkill proses ssh

$ arp -ne = cek arp tabel

$ pstree = melihat proses secara pohon kebutuhan

$ lspci -v = cek hardware via konsole

$ lshw -C processor = cek hardware processor

$ sudo pmi action sleep = menjalankan fungsi sleep

$ sudo pmi action suspend = menjalankan fungsi suspend

$ dig 192.168.1.1 = dns lookup utility

$ cat /proc/net/arp = cek arp

$ sudo gedit /etc/fstab = file konfigurasi mount hardisk

$ scp test.log oniichan@192.168.1.12:~ = transfer file via jaringan kedalam home direktori

$ iwlist eth1 scanning = scanning access point

$ sudo ifconfig eth1 hw ether 0013022e91c7 = mengganti mac address

$ sudo apt-get -d source avant-window-navigator-bzr = download paket only, not install

$ sudo dpkg-reconfigure xserver-xorg = reconfigure ulang xserver

$ sudo /etc/init.d/gdm stop = mematikan service gdm stop

$ sudo iwconfig eth1 essid “pptik01″ = mendaftarkan name access point

$ sudo dhclient = auto dhcp

$ chown oniichan:oniichan /media/data = mengubah owner folder

$ sudo adduser nama_user nama_group = menambah user

$ usermod -G namagroup namauser = memasukkan user ke group

$ cat /etc/group = cek group user

$ smbclient -U% -L localhost = cek samba di local

$ cat /proc/version = cek version linux header

$ mtr www.amikom.ac.id = gabungan ping dan traceroute

$ ls var/cache/apt/archives/ = data paket apt

$ ls /etc/rc2.d/ = list service

$ sudo update-rc.d -f rsync remove = meremove service rsync

$ sudo update-rc.d rsync defaults = mengadd service menjadi default service

$ ls -h = list human readeable

$ sudo apt-get install -f = fix dependency broken

$ cat /proc/acpi/acer/wireless = melihat penggunaan button

$ sudo tail -f /var/log/cups/error_log = melihat error pada service cups

$ lshal = melihat hal daemon usb

$ sudo hald = mengaktifkan hald daemon

$ sudo /etc/init.d/dbus start = service dbus daemon

$ nmap -sP 192.168.1.10-30 = checking ip up or not

$ watch lsusb = execute a program periodically

$ speaker-test 1.0.12 = test sound

$ wget http://www3.indowebster.com/591803763.avi -O coffe_prince_16.avi = download dan me-rename file

$ wget -c -t inf http://www3.indowebster.com/591803763.avi = download dengan opsi continous, try infinite jika gagal

$ wget -i download.txt = download dengan opsi membaca url dari file download.txt

$ wget –limit-rate=10k = download dengan opsi bandwith hanya 10 kilobytes/s

$ displayconfig-gtk = screen and grafik configurations

$ md5sum LinuxMint-5-Fluxbox.iso > md5sums = creating md5sum dari file iso

$ md5sum -c md5sums = checking md5sum dengan file iso

$ aplay -l = playing file

$ lsb_release -a = cek ubuntu version

$ lpinfo -v = cek printer

$ id = Print user and group information for the specified USERNAME

$ ps ax | grep screenlets | awk ‘{print$1}’ | xargs kill -9 = kill spesifik berdasarkan nama proses

$ file nama_file = Determine file type of FILEs

$ for i in {1..10}; do echo $i; done = ngurut nomer

$ update-manager -d = Check if upgrading to the latest devel release is possible

$ cat /etc/passwd | grep 1000 | awk -F: ‘{ print $1 }’ = menampilkan user dengan UID 1000

$ find debian/ -iname ‘*’ -print0 | xargs -0 md5sum > md5sum = creating md5sum

$ espeak -s 80 “I love you” = text to speech

$ apt-cache policy ubuntu-desktop = print policy settings

$ sudo ip route replace default nexthop via 192.168.0.1 dev eth0 weight 3 nexthop 192.168.1.1 dev eth1 weight 2 = load balancing

$ sudo Xorg -configure :1 = print konfigurasi xorg.conf

$ for FILE in cd*.bin ; do bchunk $FILE ${FILE%.*}.cue ${FILE%.*} ; done = mengubah file bin menjadi cue

$ rm cd[1-5].@(bin|cue) = menghapus secara spesifik

$ ls -l | awk ‘{print $8}’ = print secara list index

$ split -b 200MB avatar.avi avatar.avi. = split file into separate file

$ cat avatar.avi.* > avatar.avi = merge into 1 file

$ sudo ifup eth0 = Stop a network interface

$ sudo ifdown eth0 = Start a network interface up

$ wc -ml /etc/apt/sources.list = Print byte, word, and line counts

$ history = Command History, $ netstat = Networking information

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